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Jual Beli Pasal

November 21st, 2011 humas 1 comment

Sumber: Editorial Media Indonesia, Senin, 21 2011.

pasal3 SULIT membantah jika ada yang mengatakan gedung parlemen di negeri ini laksana pasar saja. Benar pula jika ada yang menilai proses legislasi di negara ini tak ubahnya proses jual beli belaka.

Di gedung parlemen itu memang berlangsung barter dan jual beli pasal-pasal dalam pembahasan rancangan undang-undang. Perbedaannya, transaksi barang dagangan di pasar dilakukan terbuka, sementara transaksi di parlemen berlangsung tertutup. Meski dibungkus rapat-rapat, bau bangkai tercium jua.

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Mengapa Business Conduct Perbankan Perlu Diawasi?

November 13th, 2011 humas 2 comments

Oleh: Kurniawan Agung*

BERBAGAI tantangan ke depan, seperti semakin kompleksnya inovasi produk keuangan dan perbankan, semakin beragamnya kejahatan perbankan, relatif rendahnya tingkat literasi masyarakat, maupun krisis keuangan global 2008 yang dampaknya masih dirasakan berbagai negara besar, telah menjadi pelajaran berharga bagi Pemerintah di banyak negara untuk menjadikan perlindungan nasabah sebagai salah satu prioritas utama reformasi sektor keuangan.

Gap kesenjangan informasi (assymetric information) antara nasabah dan bank terkadang menyebabkan masyarakat memiliki bargaining power yang lebih rendah dibandingkan bank semakin menyadarkan akan perlunya upaya lain yang perlu ditempuh Pemerintah guna lebih meningkatkan perlindungan nasabah.

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Rules for Growth: Promoting Innovation and Growth Through Legal Reform

October 26th, 2011 humas No comments

A collection of essays promoting innovation and growth through legal reform

Download Buku dari sumber: kauffman.org

The United States economy is struggling to recover from its worst economic downturn since the Great Depression. After several huge doses of conventional macroeconomic stimulus—deficit-spending and monetary stimulus—policymakers are understandably eager to find innovative no-cost ways of sustaining growth both in the short and long runs.

In response to this challenge, the Kauffman Foundation convened a number of America’s leading legal scholars and social scientists during the summer of 2010 to present and discuss their ideas for changing legal rules and policies to promote innovation and accelerate U.S. economic growth. This meeting led to the publication of Rules for Growth: Promoting Innovation and Growth Through Legal Reform, a comprehensive and groundbreaking volume of essays prescribing a new set of growth-promoting policies for policymakers, legal scholars, economists, and business men and women. Some of the top Rules include:

Reforming U.S. immigration laws so that more high-skilled immigrants can launch businesses in the United States.

Improving university technology licensing practices so university-generated innovation is more quickly and efficiently commercialized.

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Culture, Institutions and the Wealth of Nations

June 14th, 2011 humas 2 comments

Sumber: NBER.org

We construct an endogenous growth model that includes a cultural variable along the dimension of individualism-collectivism. The model predicts that more individualism leads to more innovation because of the social rewards associated with innovation in an individualist culture. This cultural effect may offset the negative effects of bad institutions on growth.

Collectivism leads to efficiency gains relative to individualism, but these gains are static, unlike the dynamic effect of individualism on growth through innovation.

Using genetic data as instruments for culture we provide strong evidence of a causal effect of individualism on income per worker and total factor productivity as well as on innovation.

The baseline genetic markers we use are interpreted as proxies for cultural transmission but others have a direct effect on individualism and collectivism, in line with recent advances in biology and neuro-science.

The effect of culture on long-run growth remains very robust even after controlling for the effect of institutions and other factors. We also provide evidence of a two-way causal effect between culture and institutions.

Download: Culture, Institutions and the Wealth of Nations, oleh Yuriy Gorodnichenko dan Gerard Roland

Korban Malpraktik Sulit Cari Keadilan

April 19th, 2011 humas 2 comments

Sumber: kompas.com

JAKARTA, KOMPAS.com – Korban malpraktik di Indonesia kerap sulit mencari keadilan. Sistem hukum yang ada saat ini belum berpihak kepada pasien. Reformasi di bidang kesehatan yang mencakup berbagai substansi, termasuk masalah malpraktik, sangat diperlukan untuk mencegah terus bertambahnya korban.

Kami berharap adanya reformasi kesehatan yang mencakup berbagai substansi, khususnya korban malpraktik. Korban malpraktik semakin marak. Kalau dihitung per tahun, dari Jakarta saja cenderung mengalami peningkatan. Belum lagi yang di daerah,” kata pengurus LBH Jakarta Maruli Tua Rajaguguk, Senin, (18/4/2011).

Lembaga Bantuan Hukum (LBH) Jakarta mengungkapkan, laporan kasus malpraktik dan tidak diperolehnya hak atas kesehatan cenderung meningkat. Pada 2009, LBH Jakarta mencatat setidaknya ada 7 laporan pengaduan dari masyarakat. Pada 2010, jumlahnya mengalami kenaikan menjadi 10 pengaduan.

Maruli menilai, undang-undang yang mengatur masalah kesehatan maupun rumah sakit saat ini tidak memihak pasien karena menempatkan beban pembuktian pada korban. Dalam hal ini, pasienlah yang harus membuktikan terjadinya malpraktik.

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