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Posts Tagged ‘Corruption’

Indeks Persepsi Korupsi 2010 INDONESIA: Corruption as Usual

November 19th, 2010 humas 1 comment

Todung Mulya Lubis, Sambutan Ketua Dewan Pengurus Transparency International-Indonesia

Indeks Persepsi Korupsi (IPK) 2010 hari ini diluncurkan secara serentak di seluruh dunia. Hari ini kita mengetahui potret korupsi dunia dan potret korupsi Indonesia. Khusus untuk Indonesia skor IPK Indonesia adalah 2,8, sama seperti skor pada tahun 2009. Artinya, tak ada kemajuan, jalan di tempat, stagnan. Pemberantasan korupsi bisa membahana dengan segala kegemuruhannya tetapi pada sisi lain korupsi jalan terus: corruption as usual.

Saya sama sekali tidak heran, malah terkejut Indonesia bisa bertahan dengan 2,8. Dugaan saya skor IPK Indonesia akan turun di bawah 2,8 karena melemahnya kinerja pemberantasan korupsi dalam setahun terakhir ini. Perseteruan Cicak vs Buaya bukan semata-mata perseteruan antara kepolisian vs KPK, atau individu kepolisian vs individu KPK. Perseteruan Cicak vs Buaya adalah perseteruan antara dua ideologi yaitu anti-korupsi vs pro-korupsi.

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Determinants of Corruption in Developing Countries

April 22nd, 2010 humas 1 comment

Korupsi

Corruption is a limp in the walk of human progress. It is not a new phenomenon; it is as old as the history of mankind itself. According to the World Bank corruption is “the single greatest obstacle to economic and social development. It undermines development by distorting the role of law and weakening the institutional foundation on which economic growth depends.

In this study Ghulam Shabbir and Mumtaz Anwar divided the determinants of corruption in two parts: economic and non-economic determinants. The economic determinants include economic freedom, international integration (globalisation), education level, level of development and income distribution.

In non-economic determinants, we include the socio-political and religious determinants in the form of democracy, press freedom and share of population having affiliation with particular religion. The results indicate that the contribution of economic factors is more conspicuous as compared to non-economic factors in reducing the level of corruption in developing countries.

Download: Determinants of Corruption in Developing Countries

Economic Performance through Time

October 31st, 2008 humas 1 comment

Douglass C. North
Sumber: nobelprize.org

I
Douglass C. NorthEconomic history is about the performance of economies through time. The objective of research in the field is not only to shed new light on the economic past but also to contribute to economic theory by providing an analytical framework that will enable us to understand economic change.

A theory of economic dynamics comparable in precision to general equilibrium theory would be the ideal tool of analysis. In the absence of such a theory we can describe the characteristics of past economies, examine the performance of economies at various times, and engage in comparative static analysis; but missing is an analytical understanding of the way economies evolve through time.

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