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Posts Tagged ‘democracy’

Konsensus Beijing Kian Diterima

March 3rd, 2011 humas 1 comment

Oleh: Bob Widyahartono, antaranews.com

Beijing Consensus

Belakangan ini di kalangan ekonom negeri ini muncul polemik mengenai pro dan kontra neo-liberalisme dan saling mengarahkan tudingan siapa saja penganut/pengagumnya, dan siapa pula yang kontra neo-liberalisme.

Inti neo-liberalisme merupakan referensi/landasan dari Konsensus Washington (Washington Consensus) yang mencuat tahun 1980an dan tidak lama kemudian gagal.

Adam Smith (1776) selaku pencipta teori ekonomi terkenal, yang dasar-dasarnya selama ini dipelajari dan ditekuni kalangan ekonom. Teorinya yang dalam perjalanan waktu berkembang menjadi fundamentalisme pasar dengan kebebasan seluasnya dalam berinisiatif individual dengan campurtangan minimal pemerintah.

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Democracy, Dictators, and Growth

November 12th, 2010 humas No comments

“The economic success of postwar East Asia has been a consequence of good-for-growth dictators, not of institutions constraining them.”

good-for-growth dictators ?

The notion that democratic political institutions help foster economic growth has gained much attention in recent years.

Indeed, the relationship seems intuitive: democracy, checks on government, and strong individual property rights should create a hospitable environment for investments in human and physical capital, and growth should follow naturally.

However, in Do Institutions Cause Growth? (NBER Working Paper No. 10568), authors Edward Glaeser, Rafael La Porta, Florencio Lopez-de-Silanes, and Andrei Shleifer turn this notion on its head, arguing that “economic growth and human capital accumulation cause institutional improvement, rather than the other way around.”

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Determinants of Corruption in Developing Countries

April 22nd, 2010 humas 1 comment

Korupsi

Corruption is a limp in the walk of human progress. It is not a new phenomenon; it is as old as the history of mankind itself. According to the World Bank corruption is “the single greatest obstacle to economic and social development. It undermines development by distorting the role of law and weakening the institutional foundation on which economic growth depends.

In this study Ghulam Shabbir and Mumtaz Anwar divided the determinants of corruption in two parts: economic and non-economic determinants. The economic determinants include economic freedom, international integration (globalisation), education level, level of development and income distribution.

In non-economic determinants, we include the socio-political and religious determinants in the form of democracy, press freedom and share of population having affiliation with particular religion. The results indicate that the contribution of economic factors is more conspicuous as compared to non-economic factors in reducing the level of corruption in developing countries.

Download: Determinants of Corruption in Developing Countries